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Justice System For The Juvenile In India

Rahul Sahu, LLB, Amity Law School, Noida

Dr. Abhinav Tomer, Asst. Professor, Amity Law School, Noida


India has in place a juvenile justice system that acknowledges the distinct needs and vulnerabilities of young offenders. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act of 2015 forms the basis of this system, which emphasizes the rehabilitation and reintegration of juveniles into society. The Act acknowledges that children necessitate special attention because of their evolving mental and emotional capacities.

India's juvenile justice system has a notable feature in the form of Juvenile Justice Boards (JJBs) at district levels. These boards are responsible for determining a juvenile's culpability, ensuring fair and speedy trials, and devising suitable rehabilitation plans. The system prioritizes child-friendly procedures, confidentiality, and privacy during court proceedings, reflecting its commitment to safeguarding the dignity of the juvenile.

The law states that a juvenile can be kept in an institution for a maximum of three years, which is in line with international standards. The primary goal is to prevent the stigmatization of juvenile offenders by providing community- based rehabilitation and reintegration programs. Additionally, the law prohibits the publication of the juvenile's identity, safeguarding their right to privacy and facilitating their social reintegration after they are released.

The juvenile justice system in India is currently facing multiple challenges. One of the critical issues is the overburdened and understaffed Juvenile Justice Boards (JJBs), which is causing delays in trial proceedings. Another significant challenge is the lack of specialized training for professionals working in the juvenile justice system. The absence of proper training is hindering the effective implementation of rehabilitation programs for juveniles.

It is important to have a comprehensive understanding of the social and economic factors that lead to juvenile delinquency. Factors like poverty, lack of education, and exposure to violence can significantly impact a child's behavior. Therefore, it is necessary to take a holistic approach to address the root causes of juvenile offending.


Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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