Zishan Mirza, Law College Dehradun, Uttaranchal University
Human rights are the rights that every person possesses just because he or she is a human being. The idea of human rights is based on the premise that all people should be allowed to live in dignity. Human rights violations are a denial of our inherent humanity. Throughout history, a number of notable individuals have contributed to the understanding and idea of human rights. Plato believed in the kindness and universal truth. It has continued to become global, in the sense that human rights are universal and hence transcend national borders. It refer to the activities, conditions, and freedoms that all individuals have a right to enjoy as a result of their humanity. Rights such as civil, political, economic, social, and cultural are all included. Human rights are inherent, inalienable, interconnected, and indivisible, and so cannot be given or taken away; the enjoyment of one right influences the enjoyment of others, and all must be preserved. Governments, on the other hand, are the only ones capable of enacting the laws and policies required to protect human rights and to regulate public and private behaviour that affects people's ability to exercise their rights. As a result, we think that national governments ("States") either protect or infringe on human rights.
Human rights, as defined by the United Nations, protect individuals against government acts that jeopardise or restrict basic freedoms such as life, physical integrity, and liberty. In essence, international human rights law is a set of rules that governs state behaviour toward individuals, and it obligates states to ensure that individuals have access to their fundamental freedoms. World Treaties on Human Rights, like national constitutions, are agreements between states and the world community in which nations pledge to ensuring specified rights inside their respective territories. As a result, the degree to which each country participates in the International human rights system varies. Lastly, human rights in Indian Constitution are provided under Article 14 to Article 35.