Abortion: A Constitutional Right Or A Moral Wrong?
Prakruthi S, Symbiosis Law School, Hyderabad
Abortion is one of the leading causes of maternity deaths. It has been performed even before the inception of civilisations. Nevertheless, abortion is considered a religious and cultural taboo by many, and these uncertainties have taken many lives. Therefore, the knowledge of abortion is imperative. Abortion has been made legal in India since 1971, yet research shows that more than 80 per cent of women are unaware of its legality.
This research aims to understand the agency of abortion. The current research aims to analyse the importance of protecting a woman’s life against religious and cultural barriers. It also seeks to suggest provisions that make abortion a woman’s right rather than a privilege. It portrays how a woman’s right to life is beyond the religious perception of abortion. Hence, this research is significant in contemporary society to comprehend the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act and the conflict of interests. The research will aim to highlight the importance of providing safer abortion options for women, especially in cases of rape-related pregnancies and teenage pregnancies. In furtherance, it aims to analyse the hindrances and drawbacks faced by statutory rape victims opting for abortion. In its generality, the paper also examines abortions in the case of teenage pregnancies and their problems. It focuses on the implication of the pandemic on safe abortions. In addition, it also studies the regulations made in the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Bill, 2021, and approaches to formulate setbacks in it.
Keywords: abortion, life, liberty, pregnancy, foetus, right