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Article 21 And Its Impact On Indian Legislation

Aryaman Dubey, BML Munjal University


This research study investigates the genesis of Article 21 of the Indian Constitution and its substantial impact on India's legislative environment. The Indian judiciary has extensively construed the article, which ensures the fundamental right to life and personal liberty, resulting in the formation of new laws and norms. The paper will highlight the major developments, landmark decisions, and ramifications of the developing interpretation of Article 21.


According to Article 21 of the Indian Constitution, "no one shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except in accordance with the procedure established by law." The meaning of this article has developed and extended throughout time, resulting to the formation of different laws and rules that safeguard people' rights.


The study used a mixed-methods research strategy. To understand the growth of Article 21, key court interpretations and case laws are analyzed. The quantitative data is derived from national and state laws enacted between 1950 and 2023, with an emphasis on legislation directly impacted by or linked to Article 21.


Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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