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Challenges In Labour Reforms In India During The 21st Century

Praveen Kumar Pandey, Research Scholar (Law), DDU, Gorakhpur University, GKP


Labour laws have been widely studied for a decade and various recommendations to evolve labour laws in the current leg of globalization, the issues pertaining to the welfare of labour and flexibility of the firms to grow in sync with market conditions for better industrial relations, persist even today. For the past six to seven years it has been argued (especially by employers) that labour laws in India are excessively pro-worker in the organized sector and has led to serious rigidities that has resulted in adverse consequences in terms of performance of this sector as well as the operation of the labour markets. There have been recommendations by the government to reform labour laws in India by highlighting the need for flexibility in Indian labour laws that would give the appropriate flexibility to the industry that is essential to compete in international markets. But the attitude has mainly towards the skill enhancement and focus on flexible labour markets rather than assessment of proper enforcement of the laws, assessment of the situation of different categories of employers and coverage of the social protection system.

Keywords: Labour, labour market, Law, Reforms, India, Statutory Enactments.


Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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