Advocate Vaibhav Agrawal, LLM, Parul University, Vadodra Gujarat
Any decision made by the Judiciary must be obeyed by the people and the government alike. In India, the judicial system is responsible for upholding the law, safeguarding individual liberties, and fostering social cohesion. Every step of the process may come to a stop if judges showed prejudice or gave in to political pressure. An attempt has been made by giving many cases demonstrating that the court is acting impartially or without political interference. The Legislature and the Executive are the other two organs. The Constitution (Ninety-Ninth Amendment) Act, 2014, which amended the Indian Constitution, led to the establishment of the NJAC in India. Amendments to the Indian Constitution need a special parliamentary majority. The assent of at least half of the states is required to make changes to the federal framework of the Constitution. Two distinct but interconnected branches of the Indian judiciary are established under the country's constitution. The Judiciary is one of the three foundations of democracy in India. The Indian Constitution, enacted in 1950, is the longest written Constitution of any independent country. Through the Indian Independence Act of 1947, the British colonial authorities handed constitutional powers to the people of South Asia. It seeks to present a chronological history spanning three and a half centuries, emphasizing major incidents that help lay out the broader narrative. Except for money bills, every legislation must be approved by both Houses - Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
Keywords: The Constitution, Judicial Systems, Legislative System, Amendments.