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Criminal Deviance And Disorganization: A Sociological Perspective

Ishaan Deepak Joshi, MIT-WPU Faculty of Law


A social explanation to crime and criminality was first provided by the French criminologist Gabriel Tarde (1843 – 1904). According to Gabriel Tarde, the primary component that lays the seed of criminality in an individual lies in the process of learning in a person’s early life. Criminal Behavior is an acquired quality according to Tarde, similar to any vocation, trade or profession, the patterns for which are picked up in a person’s childhood. When it comes to the field of crime, the theories coming from a sociological perspective make the assertion that there exist persons in society that do not conform to the set of rules and norms of society and social conduct. It is stated that the true reasons for deviant behavior and delinquency can be found in the fact that the concerned individuals have either experienced and seen firsthand, their parents or other family members committing acts such as stealing, Domestic Violence, etc. or have been experiencing encouragement to engage in criminal and socially deviant activity, anti-social acts by way of peer pressure by seniors, friends, etc. The aim of this research article is to explore the conditions that cause criminal deviance and disorganization and the role social institutions play in their occurrence.

Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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