Mr. Mallikarjun Amagonda Pujari, B.A(MCJ), B.S.L., LL.B.LL.M.(Science and Technology Law) Pursuing
The process of liberalization in the traditional doctrine of locus standi as set in by the judicial pronouncement of the Supreme Court has given rise to a new form of litigation. popularly known as Public Interest Litigation in India. In fact, public interest litigation is a strategic arm of legal aid movement to bring justice within the reach of the poor.
Public interest litigation has extended its helping hand to prevent environmental damage. The strategic arm of PIL has also made a substantial dent in environmental pollution cases. Introducing the PIL concept into pollution cases connect into pollution cases, in Ratlam Municipal Council vs. Varadhichand, J. Krishna observed that, "Social justice is due to people and therefore the people must be able to trigger off the jurisdiction vested for their benefit to any public functioning." Thus, he recognized PIL as a constitutional obligation of the courts.
This view took by the supreme court positively and interfere sou motu where the issues arise regarding the environmental pollution. Hon’ble Supreme Court by pronouncing the judgments directed to the government with respect to prevention of various types of the environmental pollution.
While dealing the environmental issues, PIL was an innovation to protect the human rights of those people who were unable to protect themselves. It should not degenerate into publicity interest litigation or private inquisitiveness litigation.