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Ethical Perspectives on Commercial Surrogacy

Gabriella Judith Martin, Symbiosis Law School, Hyderabad


Surrogacy is a widely debated topic, with the concern of ethics conforming to the medical standards as well as the socio-political domain. Commercial surrogacy in particular has been the centre of this debate since it has been viewed as exploitation of the human body and exceeds the natural means of reproduction. The paper covers important aspects that determine the ethics of commercial surrogacy in India. These aspects range from religious perspectives and folklore, the legislative deliberation that has taken place from decades ago, and the constitutional rights that guarantee fundamental rights based on the principles of natural justice. Theological perspectives explore the concept of surrogacy from the holy books and the word that is preached by the religious order of Christianity in particular, followed by Islam and Hinduism. Understanding the Indian society in terms of the laws that are being passed and the legal status of commercial surrogacy is explained through the “Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019” and the “Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020”. It defines conditions for surrogate eligibility and affirms rights to surrogates, the intending parents as well as the child born through this process. Concluding the segment, the author expands on the pros and cons of commercial surrogacy and the aforementioned bills. After assessing the aforesaid points, it can be said that commercial surrogacy is bliss rather than a curse. It helps out one party, the surrogate, financially and provides a bundle of joy for the other party, the parents. The right to a dignified life as well as the personal liberty of the surrogate is protected by the Indian Constitution.


Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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