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Legislation & Governance For A Healthy Environment

Swatee Kumari, LL.B (H) Amity University Jharkhand


The Government of India has a very primary and an important role in the context of environment, and it is the duty of the government-to manage and safeguard the security, integrity, and sovereignty of air, water, and land. When we talk about environment, it is primarily focussed on the three pillars, viz. Air, water and Land as a whole. A link and balance between man and nature is inevitable, a digression from the same results in catastrophic events, e.g., the Uttarakhand disaster of 2013 (encroachment on river beds, multiple hydroelectric projects).

There has been a rapid growth of population, industrialization, deforestation, urbanization and motorization, especially since 1960’s which has proven to be disastrous to the environment around us. The impact has been so serious that they require to be tackled only through public policies, and hence the role of the government become imminent. “One of the first conditions of happiness is that the link between man and nature shall not be broken.”—Leo Tolstoy. A healthy environment is a human right. An unhealthy environment can have uncountable and drastic effects on our body, health, and mind. On 8th October, 2021, the UN Human rights council at Geneva passed a resolution recognizing access to healthy and sustainable environment as a Universal right.


Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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