Swatee Kumari, LL.B (H) Amity University Jharkhand
The Government of India has a very primary and an important role in the context of environment, and it is the duty of the government-to manage and safeguard the security, integrity, and sovereignty of air, water, and land. When we talk about environment, it is primarily focussed on the three pillars, viz. Air, water and Land as a whole. A link and balance between man and nature is inevitable, a digression from the same results in catastrophic events, e.g., the Uttarakhand disaster of 2013 (encroachment on river beds, multiple hydroelectric projects).
There has been a rapid growth of population, industrialization, deforestation, urbanization and motorization, especially since 1960’s which has proven to be disastrous to the environment around us. The impact has been so serious that they require to be tackled only through public policies, and hence the role of the government become imminent. “One of the first conditions of happiness is that the link between man and nature shall not be broken.”—Leo Tolstoy. A healthy environment is a human right. An unhealthy environment can have uncountable and drastic effects on our body, health, and mind. On 8th October, 2021, the UN Human rights council at Geneva passed a resolution recognizing access to healthy and sustainable environment as a Universal right.