Paris Agreement On Climate Change And India’s Commitment: A Critical Review With Human Rights Issues
Gouranga Debnath, LLM, Chanakya National Law University (CNLU), Patna
The world is under the severe threat of 'climate catastrophe'. The Climate change is considered as the most serious global emergency that goes beyond national borders. A number of world conference on this issue were held with minimum success. And after that the Paris Agreement was adopted. The historic Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), on climate change mitigation, adaptation, and finance. It was adopted by 196 parties at the 21st Conference of Parties in Le Bourget, near Paris, France, on December 12, 2015, and was enforced on November 4, 2016. As of March 2021, 191 members of the UNFCCC are parties to the agreement. The historic Paris Agreement provides a durable and constructive new framework guiding the global effort for decades to come. The crucial purpose of the Paris Agreement’s is to strengthen the global response to the threat of global climate change. This agreement targets the global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius. Under this agreement, it has been mandated that the rich countries will help poorer nations by providing "climate finance" to adapt to climate change and switch to renewable energy. The plan is to make a climate-neutral world where there will not be any threat to the environment by men. My paper will focus on the role of India as to how it is planning to implement the Paris Agreement in our country and takes a leading role in regard to save the green earth on the planet and uphold Human Rights.
Keywords: Paris Agreement, Climate Change, Climate Neutral, India