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Pollution Free Environment Under Article 21: An Analysis

S. Aswath, B.B.A. LL.B., (Hons) Saveetha School of Law, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Science (SIMATS), Chennai


The concept of a pollution-free environment and the efforts to achieve it have evolved over time as our understanding of environmental issues has deepened and environmental consciousness has grown. The industrial revolution in the 18th and 19th centuries brought rapid economic growth but also led to significant pollution and environmental degradation. Concerns about pollution began to emerge during this period, with early environmental movements advocating for cleaner air and water, and the conservation of natural resources. The objectives are to identify the reasons for the pollution, to analyse the causes of pollution to find out the negative impacts of human activities on the environment to maintain a balance between economic development and environmental quality. The research method followed is empirical research. The data is collected through a questionnaire and a sample size is 200 responses. Convenient sampling method was adopted in the study to collect the data. The samples were collected from the general public in and around Poonamallee bus stand. The independent variables are gender, age, education qualifications, occupation and marital status. The dependent variables are major cause of environment, etc, . The researcher used statistical tools like graphs to analyse the data. The major findings are Industrial processes and manufacturing operations can release pollutants into the air, water, and soil. Emissions from factories, power plants, and industrial facilities contribute to air pollution, while improper waste disposal and chemical spills can lead to water and soil pollution. Achieving a pollution- free environment is a crucial goal that requires collective efforts from governments, industries, communities, and individuals. Pollution poses significant threats to human health, ecosystems, and the planet's overall well- being.

Keywords: Pollution, Industries, Air, Water and Nature.


Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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