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Refugee Conundrum: India’s Obligation Under The Principle Of Non-Refoulement In International Law

Meghali Singh, Research Scholar, Ex - LL.M. Candidate at National Law University, Delhi


A refugee is not a person created from a tragic and violent circumstances taking place within it’s vicinity. It is an unfortunate status designated to a wretched individual or a group of individuals who does not have a safe place to survive. Now imagine the pain of that refugee who flees from the place of persecution to have a better living condition but is denied to seek that hope as well. A sovereign state has the responsibility to fulfill it’s citizens' rights but what happens when it fails to preserve it’s people’s rights. India, being a sovereign state has had a long tradition of giving protection to refugees since its partition in 1947. Though India is not a party to the Refugee Convention,1951 nor its additional protocol of 1967, it is still taking refugees from different parts of the world including people from Srilanka, Tibet, Myanmar, Afghanistan, and others as well. Due to its vague and ascertainable laws to govern refugees in its territory, the problems are faced by them. The biggest challenge is India’s non-obligation to the principle of non--refoulement in the International law regimes, it reaches the question of it’s obligation to the principle since India has ratified various other UN Human Rights Convention. This paper seeks to analyze the difficulties faced by refugees due to India’s lack of legislative measures for the protection of refugees and how India as a part of the International Human Rights Committee obliged with the principle of non-refoulement as part of customary international law.

Keywords: Refugees, Non-Refoulement, International Conventions, Human Rights, Customary International Law

Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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