top of page

Role Of Juvenile Justice System In India

Gautami Khosla, Jamnalal Bajaj School of Legal Studies, Banasthali Vidyapith University, Tonk, Rajasthan


The Juvenile Justice System in India plays a crucial role in ensuring the protection and rehabilitation of children who come into conflict with the law. The system is designed to promote the welfare and best interests of children, while also ensuring that they are held accountable for their actions.

The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015, is the primary legislation governing the juvenile justice system in India. The act provides a framework for the care, protection, treatment, and rehabilitation of children who are in conflict with the law, as well as those who are in need of care and protection.

Under the act, a child who has committed an offence is referred to as a "juvenile in conflict with the law." The act provides for a separate justice system for such children, which is based on the principles of restorative justice, rehabilitation, and reintegration. The aim is to prevent children from being stigmatized or labeled as criminals for life and to ensure that they are given a second chance to become responsible and productive members of society. It also recognizes the need for the active involvement of communities, families, and civil society organizations in the rehabilitation and reintegration process. It promotes the use of alternative forms of dispute resolution, such as mediation, counseling, and community service, to help children take responsibility for their actions and make amends.

The Juvenile Justice System in India plays a vital role in ensuring that children who come into conflict with the law are treated fairly, justly, and with compassion. It recognizes that children are vulnerable and need protection, care, and rehabilitation, rather than punishment. The system aims to create a safer and more inclusive society where every child can realize their full potential.

Keywords: Juvenile Justice, Protection, Child-Centric, UNCRC, Awareness, Rehabilitation

Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

Submit Manuscript: Click here

Open Access Logo


​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

bottom of page