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Study On Role Of Witnesses And Their Protection In Criminal Trials In India

Shubham Krishna & Rishika Gupta, Indore Institute Of Law, Indore


The importance of witness is fundamental in criminal justice system of India. Their testimony plays a decisive role in reaching the conclusion of the case. Witnesses who are the crucial participants in the trial and regarded as eyes and ears of the court are turning hostile with unpredictable irregularity. The reason behind this is involvement of high profile personalities in commission of offences. Sadly, India still lacks a well-functioning witness protection programme despite various attempts. So a proper legislation for witness protection is need of an hour. The acquittal of sensational criminals is on rise due to the defection of loyalty of witnesses. These all leads to failure of criminal justice system. The common problem behind all these is the lack of witness protection laws. It deals with how the Supreme Court guidelines and 198th Commission Report aids in protection of witnesses. The paper highlights the attempt made as well as the necessity and importance of witness protection laws in reference to various judicial pronouncements.

Keywords: Witness, Hostile, Protection, Initiative & Witness Protection Scheme


Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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