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Third Gender: Struggle Of Transgender People For Legal Recognition In India

Sachin Trivedi, Law College Dehradun, Uttaranchal University, Uttarakhand


Man is called social animal; we cannot survive alone hence we need someone who support us, whom we can rely upon. In every stage of life, we need someone who support us encourage us. Here family plays an important role in the life of an individual. But people from third gender often abandoned by their own families. They don’t have adequate means of livelihood, be it basic necessity for human survival such as food, cloth shelter and basic health care facilities. They were always neglected and never accepted by the society which led them to live their life in poverty and isolation.

Poverty and illiteracy leave no other option to them but to indulged in dirty and hateful jobs such as begging, prostitution and much more. It is only after the mid 1990’s and in the beginning of 20th century when people of transgender community coming together and started movement in different parts of the world for their rights. Also in our country where we treat everyone equal the condition of transgender was pathetic. It is the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India who act as savior came to rescue and provide some relief to the people of Transgender Community in the year 2014. This case gives them a ray of hope for brighter future. After the NALSA case many states high court protected transgender rights. Legislature also enacted many laws and policies for the welfare and development of the transgender community in India.

Keywords: Trans., Third Gender, Transgender, Hijra, Legal Recognition.

Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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