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Departmental Inquiry: Basic Principle Of Natural Justice In Administrative Law

Anubhuti Sharma & Arsheya Chaudhary, Vivekananda Institute of Professional Studies


Departmental Enquiries are based on natural justice principles. The term "natural justice" is frequently used in legal contexts. Natural justice derives from Latin maxims such as Audi Alteram Partem and Nemo Judex in causa Sua. In the context of their tenure, Article 311 gives two procedural safeguards to government officials. A departmental inquiry is an investigation into allegations of indiscipline and misbehaviour levelled against a worker or employee.

When an employee is being considered for dismissal or punishment, the employer is required to conduct departmental inquiries to determine if the proposed action of dismissal or punishment is justified.

Keywords: Departmental enquiry, natural justice, Article 311, misconduct, punishment


Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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