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Doctrines Of Indian Constitution

Kumarappan M, Sastra Deemed To Be University

Badhurunnisa M, Sastra Deemed To Be University


The doctrines of the Indian Constitution encompass foundational principles, shaping the nation's legal and political framework. These include the nation's status as a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. The Preamble serves as a key to the Constitution, emphasizing justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity. The federal structure, with a unitary bias, defines the distribution of powers. India follows a parliamentary system, with the judiciary holding the power of judicial review. Fundamental Rights protect individual liberties, while Directive Principles guide the state in achieving socio-economic justice. The rule of law ensures equal treatment for all, and an independent judiciary upholds justice. The Constitution allows for flexibility through an amendment procedure. India maintains a secular state, promoting religious harmony. The overarching goal is to eliminate social and economic inequalities and foster equality and social justice. Understanding these doctrines is essential for a comprehensive grasp of India's constitutional framework.

The doctrines under the Indian Constitution are foundational Doctrines and guidelines that shape the interpretation and application of its provisions. These doctrines, developed by the judiciary over the years, play a crucial role in safeguarding fundamental rights, ensuring constitutional balance, and upholding the rule of law. The introduction of these doctrines reflects the dynamic nature of constitutional jurisprudence in India.


Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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