top of page

From Stockholm Declaration 1972 To Rio Declaration 1992: Entrenching Community Participation

From Stockholm Declaration 1972 To Rio Declaration 1992: Entrenching Community Participation Towards Achieving Sustainable Development

Dr. Thajamanbi Yumkham, Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Manipur (A Central) University, Imphal, India


The need for a harmonious equation between that of human development and a wholesome environment is the central idea in the principle of sustainable development. This inevitable need has achieved global consensus as reflected in both the Stockholm Declaration on Human Environment, 1972 and the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, 1992. The focus in this paper is to explore how the central idea of sustainable development is engrained in both these significant Declarations. Furthermore, it seeks to discuss the inclusive strategy embodied in the said Declarations for the fulfillment of the goal of sustainable development by full participation of not only state actors but the community members as a whole. It moreover, throws light on some of the significant national efforts made in the context of India to facilitate active community involvement in the pursuit of accomplishing good environmental governance and sustainable development.

Keywords: Sustainable development; community participation; Stockholm Declaration, 1971; Rio Declaration 1992


Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

Submit Manuscript: Click here

Open Access Logo


​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

bottom of page