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Integration Between Fundamental Rights And Directive Principles And The Supreme Court: An Overview

Dr Rajib Hassan, Assistant Professor, Government Centre of Legal Education [Formerly PG Deptt. of Law, Hooghly Mohsin College, Government of West Bengal, Chinsurah, Hooghly 712101]


Fundamental rights basically include the rights of an individual against the State, whereas directive principles contain the guidelines to be followed by the State while making law for the general welfare of the society as a whole. As fundamental rights are made expressly enforceable under Art. 32 and Art. 226 and directive principles are not enforceable by virtue of Art 37 of the Constitution the question of relationship between fundamental rights and directive principles has caused some difficulty. Judicial attitude has also undergone transformation on the question over the time. On this question the judicial view has veered round from irreconcilability to integration between the fundamental rights and directive principles.

Keywords: Fundamental rights, directive principles, enforceability, integration, complementary and supplementary etc.


Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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