A. Jeffry Andrew* & M. Athma Rubavathi**
Under trial denotes an unconvicted prisoner. One who has been detained in prison during the period of investigation, inquiry or trial for the offence s/he is accused to have committed. This is the fact that most of the under trials are people who are from the weaker sections of the society. Those poor and illiterate who can’t access their rights and unable to negotiate in this criminal justice system which is bias to them. They are most vulnerable in this system.
Presumption of innocence and the duty of the prosecution to prove the guilt of the person accused of an offence, is the golden thread in criminal law jurisprudence.1 Every individual charged with a crime has a right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty.