top of page

Paralysis of WTO Appellate Body and The Way Forward

Vaibhavi Guruprasad Rane, LLM, International Trade and Investment Law Candidate (2020-21), O.P. Jindal Global University


Disagreements leading to disputes between States are inevitable under international law; however, what matters is that, as a civilized society we settle disputes amicably. While Article 33 of Charter of United Nations provides means of peaceful settlement of dispute, there are certain specialized forums, which ensure speedy, expert and dedicated service for international settlement of disputes. One of the notable forums is the World Trade Organization’s Dispute Settlement Mechanism, which refers trade disputes between states to arbitration, establishes panels and appellate body, and supervises implementation of panel reports. This forum has been termed as the “single most important development in post-world war II trading regime”1 However, it hasn’t been a smooth path for this dispute settlement mechanism; it has been faced with myriad of challenges in the recent past. Its foremost challenge is the WTO dispute settlement crisis, due to paralysis of the Appellate Body. This paper aims to study the reasons for WTO Appellate Body paralysis in Part two and three, followed by analyzing the way forward to revive the AB in light of suggestions from scholars, efforts of WTO members and changing world dynamics in Part four, concluding with the current likely solutions.

Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

Submit Manuscript: Click here

Open Access Logo


​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

bottom of page