Siddhant Nayak, B.A.LL.B, School of Law, KIIT Deemed To Be University, Bhubaneshwar
Human trafficking is a heinous violation of a person's human rights and it has also been described as a modern-day form of slavery. Human trafficking is the simple term for the trading of people and the exploitation of their fundamental rights through the use of coercion, fraud, or deception. This crime happens in all over the world to people of all ages, races, and religions, but particularly among women and children become the victims of this illegal activity. Human trafficking is the third largest criminal enterprise in the world, after the trafficking of drugs and weapons. It is also the international crime organisation's fastest-growing criminal enterprise. There are numerous government and non-governmental organisations (NGOS) that work to protect people from human trafficking, but it persists year after year. In this research article, we will learn what human trafficking is, how it differs from other forms of trafficking, how prevalent it is currently and historically, how it can be prevented, and some significant cases with judgements. We will also discover the various laws designed to safeguard citizens from human trafficking.
Keywords: “Human Trafficking, Exploitation, Slavery, Children”