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Climate Change: Analysing Effectiveness Of Carbon Markets From Kyoto Protocol To Paris Agreement

Adwita Manocha, Symbiosis Law School, Noida

Shivam Choudhary, National Law University, Ranchi


This research article aims to firstly highlight the need of climate change and then further establish what carbon markets are followed by related mechanisms under both Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement. The following research also highlights the effectiveness of Carbon markets mechanisms and is concluded with problems and possible solutions. In a nutshell we will examine the overall effectiveness of the Carbon Markets from Kyoto Protocol to Paris Agreement.

Climate change is one of the most pressing global challenges of our time. It refers to significant and lasting alterations in the Earth's climate patterns, including changes in temperature, precipitation, and weather events. While climate change is a natural process, the current rapid changes are primarily driven by human activities, particularly the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O). This article will also highlight the causes and consequences of climate change and emphasizes the urgent need for mitigation and adaptation measures. It has a wide range of impacts that affect the environment, ecosystems, human societies, and economies. These impacts are increasingly evident and are projected to become more severe in the coming decades if effective mitigation and adaptation measures are not taken.


Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research

Abbreviation: IJLLR

ISSN: 2582-8878


Accessibility: Open Access

License: Creative Commons 4.0

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​All research articles published in The Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research are fully open access. i.e. immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors. They do not purport to reflect the opinions or views of the IJLLR or its members. The designations employed in this publication and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the IJLLR.

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